Vienna, 10 th – 12 th June 1998
Dr. Brigitte Holzinger initiated the symposium with the goal to gather scientists from different fields like neurophysiology, psychology, philosophy and also art, to gain a better understanding for all aspects of the topic. The dream and the consciousness, or the dreaming, conscious benefit of nightly creativity, were the main topics of the discussions and debates which took place during three nights and two days. the interdisciplinary Exchange about “Dream & Consciousness”; gave new impulses for various scientific disciplines as for example neurophysiology, psychology, psychotherapy, philosophy, religious studies as well as art and movie industry.
Vienna can be considered as birthplace as the topic, as in the turn of the century Freud has written the major work about dream and interpretation of dreams, a fundamental work which influence all the 20 th century. 1952 Aserinsky and Kleitman described for the first time the REM-sleep and its connection to dreams, after which in 1957 Dement dedicated himself to study this correlation. Following this development, one could distinguish the dream research made before 1960, describing them as psychodynamic, from the research made after 1960, which was rather based on neurophysiologic research. Those both separated ways to approach the topic of the dream were to merge during the symposium, in order to get closer to the core of the dream. An interdisciplinary exchange opened aspects and possibilities, which would have been impossible to find from only one scientific disciplinary.
- Neurophysiologic models, which “explain” dreaming
- Phenomenological and psychological aspects of the output of consciousness during dreaming and waking
- Philosophic aspects
- Dreams; creativity and consciousness in psychoanalysis and art
The long list of notable lecturers (see below) who exchanged their knowledge and point of views during the panel discussions, led to a successful interdisciplinary approach; which further on led to many new impulses in the domain of scientific research. This achievement is now already to the benefit of the patients. The sleepcoaching program now taught at the Medical University of Vienna is just one example of many others, of a successful interdisciplinary project, that now helps to heal patients who suffer from sleep disorders.
Liste der Vortragenden (alphabetisch):
Roseanne Armitage, Ph. D., Southwestern University, Dallas, Texas
Adolf Grunbaum, Andrew Mellon Professor of Philosophy, Research Professor of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Giselher Guttmann, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology, Institut for Experimental Psychology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Allan Hobson, M. D., Ph. D., Professor of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts
Brigitte Holzinger, Ph. D., Psychologist and Psychotherapist (Integrative Gestalttherapie), Konrad Lorenz Institut, Vienna, Austria
Michel Jouvet, Professor Emeritus, University of Lyon, France
Tracey Kahan, Ph. D., Professor of Psychology, Santa Clara University, San Jose, California
David Kahn, Ph. D., Volpe National Systems Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Stephen LaBerge, Ph. D., Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California
Titus Leber, Ph. D., Film Director, Professor of the University for Media Art, Cologne, Germany
Lynne Levitan, Lucidity Institute, Palo Alto, California
Norbu Namkhai Rinpoche, Prof. Emeritus, Rinpoche of Tibetan Buddhism, Naples, Italy
Bernd Saletu, Professor for Psychiatry, University of Vienna, Austria
Wolf Singer, Professor of Brain Research, Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, Frankfurt, Germany
Inge Strauch, Professor of Psychology, University of Zuerich, Switzerland
Paul Tholey, Ph.D., Psychologist (Gestalt Theory), Frankfurt, Germany
Francisco Varela, Ph. D., Director of LENA – Neurosciences Cognitives et Imagerie Cerebrale, Hopital de la Neurophysiology, Paris, France.